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What Are the Different Types of Gum Disease?

Last updated 5 years ago

Gum disease is almost always caused by a buildup of bacteria on the gums and teeth, but it can happen in differing degrees of severity with different symptoms. Keep reading to learn more about the types of gum disease you could experience.

Gingivitis is a very common gum problem, and is usually the result of inadequate flossing and brushing, which allows bacteria to build up and irritate the gums. While it causes some redness and swelling in the gums, many people do not realize they have gingivitis until they notice bleeding while brushing or flossing. As long as you are going to regular dental checkups, your dentist will let you know if you have gingivitis symptoms, and can help you stop and reverse the damage with better home care habits.

If left unchecked, gingivitis can become periodontitis. As this problem progresses, plaque and bacteria begin to penetrate below the gum line. In an attempt to kill this bacterial infection, your immune system may begin to attack the roots and tissues that hold your teeth in place, leading to tooth decay, loose teeth, and separation between your teeth and gums. This process usually happens over a long period of time, so keeping regular dental appointments should allow you and your dentist to notice and treat symptoms of periodontitis before the effects become serious.  

Gum Disease Complications
The most common complications of gum disease are swelling and slow tooth decay and loss. However, scientists have discovered connections between gum disease and both stroke and heart disease. Whether gum disease contributes to or is caused by these more serious problems has not yet been determined, but keeping your gums healthy may be an important aspect of keeping your heart and brain healthy, too.

If you think you may be developing signs of gum disease, make an appointment with your dentist right away. Colorado Advanced Dentistry can diagnose your gum disease and help you treat it with our special LANAP laser gum treatment. Call our Lakewood office today at (720) 420-1103 to learn more. 


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All content and information are of an unofficial nature and are not intended to be interpreted as dental advice.
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