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From Plaque to Tartar and Beyond: How Gum Disease Occurs

Last updated 5 years ago

Gum disease, also called periodontitis, is a slow-forming condition with devastating effects. Fortunately, it is highly treatable at various stages throughout its development, which are characterized by the following:

Buildup of Plaque
The mouth naturally contains bacteria which thrive on particles of food that are consumed, particularly sugars and starches. The combination of these bacteria and their food sources form a film over the teeth known as plaque. If the plaque is not removed through routine brushing and flossing, it will gradually build up into tartar deposits around the base of teeth, which can only be removed during a professional cleaning.

Irritation of Gum Tissue
The toxic byproducts of the bacteria in plaque and tartar can irritate the gums, triggering an inflammatory immune response. This condition is known as gingivitis, and is characterized by red, tender gums that may bleed during brushing or flossing. Fortunately, at this early stage, periodontal disease is easily treatable with conscientious oral hygiene habits and professional dental cleanings.

Periodontal Infection
As gingivitis worsens, the gums become increasingly inflamed, fostering infection from oral bacteria. This both causes and is exacerbated by receding gums, which expose the porous tooth roots and create hard-to-clean pockets below the gum line. Eventually, the infection weakens the ligaments that keep teeth in place as well as the jawbone underneath, and teeth may loosen and fall out. This devastating experience can be avoided with LANAP laser gum treatment, which works to remove damaged tissue and promote the regrowth of secure dental attachments.

If you are concerned about the health of your teeth and gums, contact Colorado Advanced Dentistry by calling (720) 420-1103. We provide LANAP laser gum therapy to quickly and painlessly eliminate diseased tissue and facilitate healing of the affected jawbone, gums, and connective tissue.


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All content and information are of an unofficial nature and are not intended to be interpreted as dental advice.
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