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Understanding The Root Causes Of Gum Disease And Tooth Decay

Last updated 6 years ago

According to the American Dental Association, gum disease and tooth decay affect individuals of all ages. If you’re concerned about the condition of your pearly whites, then it may be time to contact your local dentist. Before you schedule a consultation, consider the root causes of gum disease and tooth decay.

What is Gum Disease?

Also known as periodontitis, gum disease is an inflammation of the gums that can lead to loss of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. Gum disease is usually caused by a buildup of plaque—a sticky, clear film of bacteria that constantly forms on your teeth. If not removed with daily brushing and flossing, then plaque can cause gingivitis, forcing your gums to pull away from your teeth and forming small pockets in which more bacteria can collect. There are several risk factors that may increase your risk for periodontal disease, including smoking, hormonal changes, diabetes, certain medications, illnesses, and genetic susceptibility.

Signs and Symptoms

While the signs of gum disease may differ depending on the severity, the most common symptoms of gum disease include:

  • Swollen, red or bleeding gums
  • Constant bad breath
  • Pus between teeth and gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Change in your bite or the way dental implants fit together

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay occurs when the plaque and bacteria in your mouth create acid that subsequently eats away at your teeth. Over a period of time, these acids eventually destroy the exterior tooth enamel, leading to tooth decay or cavities. The symptoms of tooth decay will vary depending on the severity and location. Cavities may often not exhibit any symptoms during the early stages; however, as the decay gets larger, the signs and symptoms include toothache, tooth sensitivity, mild to sharp pain when eating or drinking, pain when biting down, pus around the tooth, and even visible holes in the teeth.

The sooner you seek treatment for gum disease and tooth decay, the better your chances of preserving your teeth and gum tissues. For revolutionary new LANAP laser gum therapy treatments, contact Colorado Advanced Dentistry today at (720) 420-1103.


The materials available at this website are for informational purposes only and not for the purpose of providing medical or dental advice. You should contact your dentist to obtain advice with respect to any particular dental issue or problem. Use and access to this website or any of the links contained within the site do not create a dentist-client relationship. The opinions expressed at or through this site are the opinions of the individual author and may not reflect the opinions of the dental office or any individual dentist or medical professional.


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