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What Is Periodontal Disease?

Last updated 6 years ago

Doctors aren't the only ones who use technical words to describe a disease you have. When you hear from your dentist that you have periodontal disease, you may worry about this strange, new illness; however, don't worry because periodontal disease is just the dentist's way of saying you have gum disease. From here, we are going to take a quick look at what gum disease is and how it starts.

Though “gum disease” sounds less scary than “periodontal disease,” you still should be concerned about getting treatment. If you don't, then you could develop serious health problems, including inflammation in other parts of the body that could lead to heart attacks, strokes, and pre-term labor for pregnant women.


Gum disease is caused by bacteria in the mouth. Bacteria can cause infection in the gum or it can cause plaque to build up on the teeth. If the plaque isn't properly removed with brushing, then it hardens, becoming tarter. A dentist must remove tarter during a professional teeth cleaning session.


There are several symptoms associated with periodontal disease. Red, swollen gums, bleeding gums, and receding gum lines are common. Persistent bad breath, sensitive teeth, or loose teeth are also associated with gum disease.



More than one treatment option exists, and the type of treatment depends on the severity of the disease. Sometimes, gum disease can be managed at home with proper brushing, flossing, and mouthwash, plus regular trips to the dentist. In other cases, laser gum therapy is needed to stop the progression of periodontal disease.


The best way to prevent gum disease is to practice good oral hygiene. Brush, floss, and use mouthwash at least twice a day, and see your dentist every 6 months for a checkup. Don't smoke, and eat a healthy diet.

If you have gum disease or think you may, Colorado Advanced Dentistry is here to help. We offer the latest in treatment options, including LANAP laser gum treatment. Contact us today to schedule and appointment and for additional information.


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All content and information are of an unofficial nature and are not intended to be interpreted as dental advice.
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